Have you ever thought about beginning construction operations in the middle of a rather busy neighborhood, but then feared that the endeavor would be more costly than you anticipated? You should consider possible compensation claims that would be put up against you from the neighboring structures if any damage were to occur.
The suits would all be attributed to the vibrations that originate from your construction site, and while some may be warranted, some would be outright absurd. The complaints could range from you being responsible for the cracks on the neighbor's floor and walls to you shattering china in a house two miles away while those nearest to the site are left unchanged. If left unchecked, such exorbitant claims would run you dry.
Measurements to minimize the effects of vibrations
Some of the measures taken to minimize the effects of vibrations on construction sites include using rubber bushes around the site, using vibration-absorbing sleeves on the machinery used, and installing anti-vibration mounts.
Even though these and many more measures are put in place, they are not full-proof. But what if you had a way to prove that vibrations from your site wouldn't have harmed that fine china set even if it were in the building next door. What if you could have readings and numbers so accurate that any baseless claims against you would be rendered invalid?
Construction site vibration monitoring
Construction site vibration monitoring is a handy and cost effective approach to ensuring that your construction operations adhere to your particular jurisdiction's set regulations and standards.
The conventional equipment used in site vibration monitoring exercises would require that you continually engage construction and acoustic engineers. These expert engagements, along with their apparent costs, would have to be a constant in the construction site whenever heavy machinery is in use.
Wireless construction site vibration monitoring
Construction site wireless vibration monitoring systems provide a compact and cost-effective solution to keeping up with the construction site's vibration outputs. These monitoring modules are designed in conjunction with construction / acoustic engineers to ensure that they work seamlessly to collect all the relevant information.
These wireless monitors provide you with remote access to your construction site’s vibration data 24/7 from anywhere in the world. The monitors transmit their data through 4G/LTE, WiFi, or Power over Ethernet (PoE). The wireless monitors also have built-in integrated GPS sensors that can collect accurate data on the positioning and timing of each monitor's readings.
This provides an efficient, innovative construction site wireless vibration monitoring system. The monitors can also be accessed from a web-based platform. The web platform, accessible through a smartphone, tablet, or laptop, provides an interface for the monitors' calibrations and review of the data collected. The collected data can then be converted from one format to another, depending on the analysis needed, and then easily shared from one individual to another.
The compactness of the wireless construction site vibration monitors means that they can be positioned anywhere in the construction site and not get in the way of any operations. The wireless monitors are also designed to give you real-time alerts and notifications if the readings exceed a set threshold. These alerts come in handy in preventing potential damages by providing a basis for advice and decision making to the construction team.
The wireless monitors are easy to install and setup, making their use expandable to scale whenever the need may arise.
Causes of construction site vibrations
Depending on the nature of the work being done and equipment in use, vibrations of different magnitudes are produced on a construction site. Examples of heavy machinery present in construction sites include excavators, loaders, and pile boring machines.
Some construction sites may involve going deep into the earth to find a suitable foundational rock or taking down an existing structure to put up another in its place. In such instances, to save on time, explosives such as dynamite are used to blast their way into getting the job done. As much as the blasts are well-coordinated and set up following safety regulations, they still cause significant amounts of vibrations on the site and its surroundings. The explosions can result in shock-waves that can shatter windows or even cause cracks in buildings. Before starting the job, it is vital to clear a blast radius and make known to the people around that a controlled explosion will occur.
Potential hazards due to vibrations in the construction site
Vibrations from construction sites can have adverse effects on both the human and infrastructural environment of the site. The consequences can vary in magnitude, and the time it takes to recover, depending on the source's distance.
Some of the human effects from construction site vibrations are chronic back pains, stomach problems, motion sickness, headaches, and visual disturbances. These social effects are more pronounced in the workers who operate the vibration producing machinery and those working immediately around the machinery.
The infrastructural effects from construction site vibrations can be experienced on roads, bridges, and buildings around the site. In some of the infrastructure, results from vibrations in construction sites might not have immediately visible effects.
On buildings around the site, one-off blasts or continuous vibrations may reduce the building's structural integrity. The vibrations may also leave visible markers on buildings like cracks on walls and floors and even shatter windows. Depending on the integrity of an adjacent building's foundational rock, the vibrations have the potential to destabilize the structure in its entirety. Construction site vibrations are also known to reduce the structural integrity of bridges and roads by cracking and destabilizing their foundations.
Containment Measures for Construction Site Vibrations
The use of smart and efficient innovative construction site wireless vibration monitoring systems helps reduce the amount of personnel required on a site. Vibration monitoring practices help you assess the scale of vibrations from a construction site and, in turn, make informed decisions on the measures to take in damage prevention.
Once the vibration readings have started coming in, it is crucial to put measures to maintain the vibration levels within the set limits. Even though some heavy machinery in some construction environments cannot be avoided, some methods can be used to contain the amounts of vibrations produced.
For workers operating machinery with high vibration levels, it is essential to use shock-absorbing material like rubber in places where the workers' bodies contact the machinery.
When machinery producing high vibration levels are being operated, materials such as tires can be stacked to create some form of barrier in which the vibrations can be absorbed. It is also essential for workers working in environments and equipment prone to high vibrations to have regular health checkups.